Ambasada Romaniei la Budapesta a fost joi tinta protestelor organizate de Garda Ungara, grupare paramilitara de extrema dreapta, ca reactie la sentimentele antiextremiste din Romania, a informat agentia ungara MTI. Garda Ungara a organizat acest protest in urma incidentului din 15 martie de la Cluj-Napoca, cand un etnic maghiar sustine ca a fost batut de un tanar roman pentru ca purta un steag al Ungariei.Manifestantii au vrut sa inainteze o petitie de protest, pe care personalul ambasadei romane a refuzat sa o preia, recomandandu-le trimiterea documentului prin posta. Aproximativ 40 de politisti au asigurat securitatea la locul demonstratiei, mai noteaza MT, citat de Mediafax. Miercuri, reprezentantii Garzii Ungare, considerata aripa militara a partidului extremist Jobbik, s-au incaierat cu membrii ai comunitatii rome, in fata tribunalului unde se judeca procesul privind desfiintarea Garzii. Procesul a demarat dupa ce seful Consiliului National al Minoritatii Rome a depus la Parlament o petitie privind dizolvarea Garzii Ungare. Anterior, Parchetul General de la Budapesta a solicitat desfiintarea Garzii, dupa ce, in decembrie 2007, peste 300 de gardisti echipati in uniforme neonaziste au defilat la Tatarszentgyorgy, starnind teama in randul etnicilor romi. Garda a fost creata in august 2007 si promoveaza instaurarea “Ungariei Mari”, liderii organizatiei neexcluzand posibilitatea unui razboi cu Romania sau cu Slovacia, unde traiesc minoritati maghiare. Liderii acestei organizatii paramilitare s-au remarcat prin discursurile cu accente rasiste si xenofobe. (L.P./Ziua)
Dupa cum puteti citi mai jos sau in sectiunea AntiRomania, Garda Maghiara a fost prezenta impreuna cu miscarea ilegala a â€œTinerilor celor 64 de comitateâ€ (cate avea â€œUngaria Mareâ€) si in Romania, la â€œserbareaâ€ zilei revolutiei maghiare, care ar trebui sa fie si comemorarea uciderii celor 40.000 de tarani romani din Ardel. Cu toate ca este evidenta tendinta lor extremista – reliefata si de organizatiile evreiesti si tiganesti din Ungaria si din lume – partidele maghiare â€œdemocraticeâ€ din Romania nu s-au gandit sa ceara interzicerea activitatilor acestei formatiuni para-militare. Dimpotriva. Ungurii pregatesc o operatiune la Summitul NATO de la Bucuresti in sprijinul revendicarilor la autonomie in tot bazinul carpatic.
Magyar GÃ¡rda and Roma in court scuffle
Written by Michael Logan
Roma and members of the extreme-right Magyar GÃ¡rda almost came to blows last Wednesday prior to a court case aimed at deciding the fate of Jobbikâ€™s uniformed wing.
Around 100 uniformed members of the Magyar GÃ¡rda (Hungarian Guard) gathered outside the court before proceedings began, and OrbÃ¡n KolompÃ¡r, the head of the Roma National Council, was involved in angry exchanges with guard members. KolompÃ¡r the previous week handed in a petition with over 70,000 signatures to Parliament calling for the GÃ¡rda to be dissolved. Police managed to keep the rival parties apart and ensure KolompÃ¡râ€™s entry.
The case against the GÃ¡rda
The court case, requested by the chief prosecutor and brought forward at the demand of the justice ministry, was aimed at deciding whether the group is breaking the rules set out for such organisations, which are not supposed to infringe othersâ€™ rights or freedoms. If the court finds against the group, then it could be disbanded. The case was adjourned until 19 May after opening statements.
Much of the controversy centres on the GÃ¡rdaâ€™s campaign against what it calls â€œgypsy crimeâ€. Some 260 members of the GÃ¡rda marched through a Roma majority village in uniform in December. The organisation has also held candle-lit vigils for â€œthe victims of gypsy crimeâ€. Chief Prosecutor TamÃ¡s KovÃ¡cs in December said that the march, and the racist speeches made during the event, showed the guard had reached a point that was â€œincompatible with a democratic stateâ€. The prosecutorâ€™s office said that the Hungarian Guard was guilty of racial discrimination and had created a climate of fear among Hungaryâ€™s Roma community.
However, TamÃ¡s Gaudi-Nagy, representing the GÃ¡rda, told Budapest Municipal Court that the march was not an official guard event, but was organised by a private citizen, and that any opinions expressed at the event were private opinions.
Media representatives complained that the GÃ¡rda had also attempted to vet entry to the courtroom, saying that GÃ¡rda members were blocking the entrance and only allowing â€œfriendlyâ€ media to enter. The heads of associations, including journalistsâ€™ and lawyersâ€™ associations, lined up to say it was inexcusable that the court had allowed private individuals to control entry. However, the court said that no such vetting had taken place. It said journalists were given priority, and that simply far too many people turned up to squeeze into the courtroom, which held 40-50.
The GÃ¡rda, which now has over 600 members, has chosen as its coat of arms a variation on the red-and-white ÃrpÃ¡d Stripes, a medieval flag that became associated with Hungaryâ€™s Nazi-aligned Arrow Cross party, which was in power for a brief period during the Second World War. Jewish organisations say that its black uniforms resemble those worn by Second World War fascists.
The GÃ¡rda claims it is simply a cultural organisation concerned with maintaining Hungaryâ€™s traditions and safeguarding its future.
Jobbik founders quit
In related news, three founding members of Jobbik left the party last week, saying that the creation of the Magyar GÃ¡rda was part of a process that was making the party too radical. Former chairman DÃ¡vid KovÃ¡cs, MÃ¡rton FÃ¡ri, formerly head of the partyâ€™s ethics committee, and Ervin Nagy, once president of the partyâ€™s national council, quit.
Budapest Times / Thursday, 20 March 2008